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Biodiesel Heating Oil
Biodiesel can be used as Heating Oil. Under current Government Legislation, biodiesel heating oil used for Heating Oil carries NO Excise Duty. However, should you use this biodiesel heating oil in a vehicle intended for Road Use, then Excise Duty is applicable. Field Fuels Ltd will, if requested, issue a copy of Excise Registration Forms.
Biodiesel can also be used as a heating fuel in domestic and commercial boilers, a mix of heating oil and biofuel which is standardized and taxed slightly differently than diesel fuel used for transportation. It is sometimes known as bioheat (which is a registered trademark of the National Biodiesel Board NBB and the National Oilheat Research Alliance NORA in the U.S., and Columbia Fuels in Canada). Heating biodiesel is available in various blends; up to 20% biofuel is considered acceptable for use in existing furnaces without modification.
Older furnaces may contain rubber parts that would be affected by biodiesel's solvent properties, but can otherwise burn biodiesel without any conversion required. Care must be taken at first, however, given that varnishes left behind by petrodiesel will be released and can clog pipes- fuel filtering and prompt filter replacement is required. Another approach is to start using biodiesel as blend, and decreasing the petroleum proportion over time can allow the varnishes to come off more gradually and be less likely to clog. Thanks to its strong solvent properties, however, the furnace is cleaned out and generally becomes more efficient. citation needed A technical research paper describes laboratory research and field trials project using pure biodiesel and biodiesel blends as a heating fuel in oil fired boilers. During the Biodiesel Expo 2006 in the UK, Andrew J. Robertson presented his biodiesel heating oil research from his technical paper and suggested that B20 biodiesel could reduce UK household CO2 emissions by 1.5 million tons per year.
A law passed under Massachusetts Governor Deval Patrick requires all home heating diesel in that state to be 2% biofuel by July 1, 2010, and 5% biofuel by 2013.
Can I use biodiesel for heating?
The use of biodiesel as a heating fuel is not a chargeable use and therefore no duty is due. Although there is provision in law for this fuel to be supplied without a duty charge being applied, the reclaim scheme described above can also be used to reclaim any duty that is charged by suppliers.
This system has been put in place because it is recognised that it can be difficult for householders to obtain biodiesel for non-road use that has not already been charged with Excise Duty. This will be an administrative decision for the supplier, who may not supply sufficient quantities of domestic heating biodiesel to differentiate between road and non-road customers.
Please note: The scheme only applies when 100 per cent biodiesel is used - it does not apply to mixing biodiesel with other fuels. Biodiesel should not be mixed with rebated fuels.
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